Intel just announced the new Loihi processor that mimics how the human brain works. This new processor takes the brain’s neural network approach and uses the various feedback loops to learn from the environment and train itself accordingly. Intel says the Loihi is an extremely power efficient processor that uses data to learn and take the actions.
Intel says, “The brain’s neural networks relay information with pulses or spikes, modulate the synaptic strengths or weight of the interconnections based on timing of these spikes, and store these changes locally at the interconnections. Intelligent behaviors emerge from the cooperative and competitive interactions between multiple regions within the brain’s neural networks and its environment.”
Since the Loihi mimics the basic human brain mechanics, Intel says it makes the machine learning process faster and more power efficient. According to the company, Loihi powered machines will be able to adapt in real-time instead of waiting for the new updates from their servers. Intel’s Loihi uses 14nm architecture and many fully asynchronous neuromorphic cores to perform the complex operations. The chip has a total of 130,000 neurons and 130 million synapses.
The chip is currently in the development and won’t be available to the general public anytime soon. But Intel believes the future of computing is neuromorphic. The company says, ”As AI workloads grow more diverse and complex, they will test the limits of today’s dominant compute architectures and precipitate new disruptive approaches. Looking to the future, Intel believes that neuromorphic computing offers a way to provide exascale performance in a construct inspired by how the brain works.”
In the first half of 2018, Intel will begin offering the Loihi chips to various AI-based universities and research organization for testing and development. Stay tuned for the update.
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